Quick Guide to Mushroom Terms

Do you know any other terms we haven’t included? Let us know, and we’ll add them in.

 

  • Agaric – gill-bearing fungus
  • Alkaloid – complex nitrogen-containing toxin
  • Ascomycete – fungus shedding ascospores from ascus
  • Ascus – spore-containing flask
  • Autodigestion – release of spores by decomposition
  • Basal bulb – swollen base of stem
  • Basidiomycete – fungus shedding basidiospores
  • Basidium – spore generating hyphal tip
  • Bracket – familiar name for plate-like fungi on trees
  • Button – immature unopened sporophore
  • Cap – upper part of agaric sporophore
  • Decurrent – describing gill outline
  • Flush – appearance of a crop of mushrooms
  • Gill – vertical plate bearing spores
  • Gleba – spore-mass of puffball
  • Hymenium – spore-producing layer of mycelium
  • Hypha – individual thread of fungal tissue
  • Metabolism – life-process of fungus
  • Mushroom – popular name for familiar edible fungus
  • Mycelium – cotton-wool-like mass of hyphae
  • Mycorrhiza – host plant root associated with fingus
  • Parasite – fungus on living host
  • Pileus – cap covering gills or spores
  • Pore – external opening of hymenial tube
  • Ring – remains of veil on stem
  • Saprophyte – fungus on dead of dying host
  • Sclerotium – fruiting body of Claviceps etc.
  • Sinuate – describing gill outline
  • Spawn – commercial mycelium inoculate
  • Spore – ‘seed’ of fungus
  • Sporophore – fruiting part of fungus
  • Thermolabile – chemical destroyed by heat
  • Toadstool – unfamiliar or inedible fungus
  • Toxin – poisonous chemical substance
  • Truffle – type of subterranean fruiting body
  • Umbo – hump or boss on cap
  • Veil – protective covering for gills (young)
  • Vernal – spring appearance
  • Volva – sheath at base of stalk
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